Hip Hop is a culture. Art (graffiti), Dancing (B-Boy), DJing, and MCing. Rap is not Hip Hop. Rap is a commercial, corporate offshoot. R&B is an offshoot of the Blues, Gospel, and Jazz fused into one. In the early 50's, R&B records were actually called Race Records, or Colored Music (because of it's African-American upbringing.) R&B has, of course, it's different branches (Soul, Neo-Soul, Funk,Hip-Hop Soul ect.)
Hip Hop grew out of the R&B (Soul) movement of the 60's. Even though Cool Herc is the Father of Hip Hop, you can trace similar tones in James Brown, Isaac Hayes, and others. Cool Herc bought the "Big Beat" sound from Jamaica using Sound Systems. The sound created the dance, during New York's graffiti era. Eventually, DJing came into play at parties and so fourth to extend the break beat in a record. MCing came from that, to give party goers a little something unique, but the MC always backed up the DJ. The DJ was the star! In the early 70's Hip Hop was widely inbraced by the Punk Rock scene, which is why Blondie (Debbie Harry) is the first white person ever to kick a MC verse on wax.
The Sugar Hill Gang were the product of Corporate Music. None of the members knew one another. They were assembled. Even though Rappers Delight was the first "Rap" record to gain mainstream success, it was not the first Hip Hop record. Actually, Sugar Hill Gang's Rappers Delight was widely criticized in New York by fellow MC's and DJ's, because the of it's blatant use of none talented performers. Big Hank, for instance, actually spells out the name of the MC (Casanova Fly) who wrote the rap for him.
Last edited by Dvontu
on Sun Feb 05, 2006 8:15 am, edited 1 time in total.